A protagonist who is not admirable or who challenges notions of what should be considered admirable. A person, animal, or any other thing with a personality that appears in a narrative. The moment of greatest intensity in a text or the major turning point in the plot. The central struggle that moves the plot forward. The principal character in a literary work or narrative.
Language that brings to mind sense-impressions, representing things that can be seen, smelled, heard, tasted, or touched.
A recurring idea, structure, contrast, or device that develops or informs the major themes of a work of literature. The person sometimes a character who tells a story; the voice assumed by the writer. The narrator and the author of the work of literature are not the same person. The arrangement of the events in a story, including the sequence in which they are told, the relative emphasis they are given, and the causal connections between events. The perspective that a narrative takes toward the events it describes.
The location of a narrative in time and space. Setting creates mood or atmosphere. A secondary plot that is of less importance to the overall story but may serve as a point of contrast or comparison to the main plot. An object, character, figure, or color that is used to represent an abstract idea or concept. Unlike an emblem, a symbol may have different meanings in different contexts. The way the words in a piece of writing are put together to form lines, phrases, or clauses; the basic structure of a piece of writing.
An author communicates voice through tone, diction, and syntax. Themes Motifs Symbols Key Facts. Take a deep breath and start by asking yourself these questions: Frankenstein and his monster alike? Elements of Story These are the whats of the work—what happens, where it happens, and to whom it happens. All of the events and actions of the work. The people who act and are acted upon in a literary work. The main character of a work is known as the protagonist. The central tension in the work.
When and where the work takes place. Elements of setting include location, time period, time of day, weather, social atmosphere, and economic conditions. The person telling the story. The narrator may straightforwardly report what happens, convey the subjective opinions and perceptions of one or more characters, or provide commentary and opinion in his or her own voice.
The main ideas or messages of the work—usually abstract ideas about people, society, or life in general. A work may have many themes, which may be in tension with one another.
Elements of Style These are the hows —how the characters speak, how the story is constructed, and how language is used throughout the work. How the parts of the work are assembled. Some novels are narrated in a linear, chronological fashion, while others skip around in time. Some plays follow a traditional three-or five-act structure, while others are a series of loosely connected scenes. Some authors deliberately leave gaps in their works, leaving readers to puzzle out the missing information.
The perspective from which a story is told. In first-person point of view , the narrator involves him or herself in the story. In third-person point of view , the narrator does not participate in the story. Omniscient narrators see and know all: Remember that the narrator and the author are not the same thing! Whether a character uses dry, clinical language or flowery prose with lots of exclamation points can tell you a lot about his or her attitude and personality.
Word order and sentence construction. Ernest Hemingway, for example, is known for writing in very short, straightforward sentences, while James Joyce characteristically wrote in long, incredibly complicated lines. The mood or feeling of the text. Diction and syntax often contribute to the tone of a work.
A novel written in short, clipped sentences that use small, simple words might feel brusque, cold, or matter-of-fact. Language that appeals to the senses, representing things that can be seen, smelled, heard, tasted, or touched. Language that is not meant to be interpreted literally.
A good thesis will be: Provable through textual evidence. A really strong thesis will argue for a reading of the text that is not immediately apparent. Comments 0 Please log in to add your comment. The End Literary devices were originally used in the poem to help the poet memorize the story. Beowulf also contains the devices Metonymy and Synecdoche. Metonymy is the use of one object or concept fo that of another to which it is related and a Synecdoche is using a part for a whole, or a whole for a part.
Alliteration Alliteration helps emphasize what is being described In the novel Beowulf; literary devices are used. These literary devices are alliteration, assonance, caesura, and kenning. Each literary device contributes to the passage and what the readers interpret from reading these particular literary devices. The way that Grendel's home is described creates an image in the listener's mind of Grendel's home as this horrible, frightening, and terrible place.
This imagery makes appear Grendel as this monster because he lives in this "Hellish place. It informs the listener why she wants to smite Beowulf. Grendel's mother is demonstrating traits of a female wolf that is protecting her pup, Grendel. The listener can then easily infer that she is getting revenge for her son. Literary devices are used to aid in conveying a message in the passage as a whole.
Alliteration helps emphasize what is being described. Assonance helps draw a connection to the words. Caesura is used to pause for a moment and emphasize something.
Kenning is used to aid in describing someone. For example, Grendel is associated with the "kin of Cain," line This is an allusion to the Bible, in which God curses Cain and his descendants for slaying Abel.
The poem also uses symbolism. For example, Heorot in line 78 , the mead-hall in which Hrothgar and his people celebrate, is a symbol of communal life and of the advancements of civilization. The hall is described as "high and horn-gabled" line 82 , a symbol of God and the glory of Christian civilization.
There, bards sing of the glories of God, and people celebrate together. Another symbol is Grendel's cave Grendel is referred to as "he who dwelt in darkness" in line The cave is a symbol of darkness, of loneliness, and of evil, as it is where Grendel, the descendant of Cain, dwells. Literary Devices In Beowulf What were some of the literary elements with line numbers used in Beowulf?
Expert Answers droxonian Certified Educator. In Old English, indeed, we can find alliteration and caesurae consistently from the opening lines of the poem: We Gardena [caesura] in geardagum Related Questions Do the unrealistic elements in Beowulf compromise its value as a literary work? Read the study guide:.
Three typical literary elements that readers identify in Anglo-Saxon literature are: kennings, alliteration, and caesuras. Kennings are phrases which are used in place of the thing they represent in order to serve as a memory device for the poet.
Literary devices were originally used in the poem to help the poet memorize the story. Beowulf also contains the devices Metonymy and Synecdoche. Metonymy is the use of one object or concept fo that of another to which it is related and a Synecdoche is using a part for a whole, or a whole for a part.
Literary Devices in Beowulf Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory There are several important scenes involving different bodies of water in Beowulf – the dangerous sea-crossing that Beowulf and his warriors undertake to go from Geatland to Denmark; the swim. Read expert analysis on literary devices in Beowulf.
Example: "Beowulf" is an epic poem because it is about the feats and adventure of the hero, Beowulf. An allegory is a figure of speech in the form of a story. The entire story is metaphorical because the characters and events stand for an idea. Beowulf. Literary Devices Allegories Pagan Elements PAGAN ELEMENTS Beowulf's funeral ship The observance of omens The practice of cremation Gold/wealth as a hero¶s reward Ancient warrior society ± the thane and his lord Boasting Lack of belief in an after 5/5(4).