The first phase of the Romantic movement in Germany was marked by innovations in both content and literary style and by a preoccupation with the mystical, the subconscious, and the supernatural. The second phase of Romanticism, comprising the period from about to the s, was marked by a quickening of cultural nationalism and a new attention to national origins, as attested by the collection and imitation of native folklore , folk ballads and poetry, folk dance and music, and even previously ignored medieval and Renaissance works.
The revived historical appreciation was translated into imaginative writing by Sir Walter Scott , who is often considered to have invented the historical novel. Maturin, the Marquis de Sade , and E. By the s Romanticism had broadened to embrace the literatures of almost all of Europe. These artists favoured themes that were bizarre, pathetic, or extravagantly heroic, and they defined their images with tensely linear drawing and bold contrasts of light and shade.
William Blake, the other principal early Romantic painter in England, evolved his own powerful and unique visionary images. In the next generation the great genre of English Romantic landscape painting emerged in the works of J. Turner and John Constable. These artists emphasized transient and dramatic effects of light, atmosphere, and colour to portray a dynamic natural world capable of evoking awe and grandeur. Ingres represent the last, more academic phase of Romantic painting in France.
In Germany Romantic painting took on symbolic and allegorical overtones, as in the works of P. Caspar David Friedrich , the greatest German Romantic artist, painted eerily silent and stark landscapes that can induce in the beholder a sense of mystery and religious awe. Musical Romanticism was marked by emphasis on originality and individuality, personal emotional expression, and freedom and experimentation of form.
The possibilities for dramatic expressiveness in music were augmented both by the expansion and perfection of the instrumental repertoire and by the creation of new musical forms, such as the lied, nocturne, intermezzo, capriccio, prelude, and mazurka.
The Romantic spirit often found inspiration in poetic texts, legends , and folk tales, and the linking of words and music either programmatically or through such forms as the concert overture and incidental music is another distinguishing feature of Romantic music.
These composers pushed orchestral instruments to their limits of expressiveness, expanded the harmonic vocabulary to exploit the full range of the chromatic scale , and explored the linking of instrumentation and the human voice. The Italian Romantic opera was brought to the height of its development by Giuseppe Verdi. The Romantic opera in Germany culminated in the works of Richard Wagner , who combined and integrated such diverse strands of Romanticism as fervent nationalism; the cult of the hero; exotic sets and costumes; expressive music; and the display of virtuosity in orchestral and vocal settings.
The final phase of musical Romanticism is represented by such late 19th-century and early 20th-century composers as Gustav Mahler , Richard Strauss , Sir Edward Elgar , and Jean Sibelius.
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The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Romantic Style, Romantic movement. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Prompted by feeling as well as by reason, architects interested themselves as much in the picturesque aspects of nature and objects in nature such as ruins as in rational procedures. The term Romantic Classicism has been used by some 20th-century art historians to…. Romanticism is a term loosely used to designate numerous and diverse changes in the arts during a period of more than years roughly, — , changes that were in reaction against Neoclassicism but not necessarily the classicism of Greece and Rome or against what….
Acutely conscious of being products of a very particular time and…. Ballet as an aspect of Romanticism In Western dance: She dislikes him in their first meeting, due to his arrogant attitude. However, as the story moves along, several other couples emerge on the scene.
Although it is not a perfect example of a medieval romance, it is considered a good example of a romantic novel. The story of the novel takes place in France, Italy, and on some Mediterranean islands. The primary themes of the story comprise justice, bravery, courage, mercy, hope, and forgiveness. The narrative revolves round a man who is sent to prison wrongly. He manages to escape and acquires a fortune just by a stroke of luck. He ultimately starts avenging those who were responsible for his incarceration.
His plans, however, have devastating effects on the innocent and the guilty alike. Characters reveal their true natures and inner selves through betrayal, acts of courage, selfishness, and timidity.
The novel is a good example of a romance fiction. This is an example of modern erotic romance, which has won accolades in literary circles. In the story, the writer narrates the relationship between two college fellows — Anastasia Steel, and her young business lover Christian Grey. The story then depicts scenes of their erotic love, comprising elements of discipline, dominance, submission, masochism, and sadism.
Despite ups and downs in their relations, they finally part, reviewing incompatibility in their love, but depicting several elements of modern love and modern chivalry.
Romance serves the function of chivalry and adventure in literature. It is considered to be the only genre of literature capable of representing complex and cumulative themes. It is through romance, literature can highlight the cross-referenced as well as integrative nature of the written words.
During the middle ages, romance was synonymous with aristocratic literature.
Romanticism definition is - a literary, artistic, and philosophical movement originating in the 18th century, characterized chiefly by a reaction against neoclassicism and an emphasis on the imagination and emotions, and marked especially in English literature by sensibility and the use of autobiographical material, an exaltation of the.
(Literary & Literary Critical Terms) (often capital) the theory, practice, and style of the romantic art, music, and literature of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, usually opposed to classicism.
ROMANTIC POETS: See discussion under Romanticism. ROMANTICISM: The term refers to the artistic philosophy prevalent during the first third of the nineteenth century (about ). Romanticism rejected the earlier philosophy of the Enlightenment, which stressed that logic and reason were the best response humans had in the face . The word “romance” also refers to romantic love. As far as literature in concerned, the term has an entirely a different concept. It means romantic stories with chivalrous feats of heroes and knights. Romance describes chivalry and courtly love, comprising stories and legends of duty, courage, boldness, battles, and rescues of damsels in distress.
Romanticism Literary Terms. STUDY. PLAY. literary ballad. a songlike poem that tells a story; composed and written down by known poets. internal rhyme. rhyme that occurs within a poetic line rather than at the end. assonance. repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together. ode. This is as accurate a general definition as can be accomplished, although Victor Hugo's phrase "liberalism in literature" is also apt. Imagination, emotion, and freedom are certainly the focal points of romanticism.