Romulus and his twin brother Remus were the sons of the God Mars. When they were very young they were abandoned by the banks of the River Tiber and left to fend for themselves. Luckily for them they were found by a she-wolf who took pity on them fed them with her milk.
The boys were later found by a shepherd who raised them. The boys grew up to be very strong and clever and they decided to build a town on the spot where the Shepherd had found them. They named their town Rome. In August 55 B. He took with him two Roman legions. After winning several battles against the Celtic tribes Britons in south-east England he returned to France. The following summer in 54 B. Caesar came to Britain again landing at Walmer near Deal in Kent.
This time he brought with him no fewer than five legions 30, foot soldiers and 2, cavalrymen horse riders. This time the Romans crossed the River Thames. After more fighting, the British tribes promised to pay tribute to Rome and were then left in peace for nearly a century.
Third and final invasion. Nearly one hundred years later, in 43 A. General Aulus Plautius led four legions with 25, men, plus an equal number of auxiliary soldiers. They crossed the Channel in three divisions, landing at Richborough, Dover, and Lympne. Click here for more information on the map of Kent in Roman times. The biggest battle was fought on the banks of the River Medway, close to Rochester.
It went on for two days before the Celtic tribes retreated. Many tribes tried to resist the Romans. It took about four years for the invaders to finally gain control over southern England, and another 30 years for them to conquer all of the West Country and the mountains and valleys of Wales.
The battle for Yorkshire and the remainder of northern England was still underway in AD The first Roman city was Camulodunum also called Colonia Vitricencis. We know it by the name of Colchester. It was the seat of Roman power and governance of Brittania until sacked during the Boudiccan revolt.
London was then established as a seat of governance, and only became important after the Camulodunum event. Why did the Romans invade Britain? Why the Romans came to Britain is not quite certain. Two reasons have been suggested:. How long did the Romans stay in Britain? That is almost four hundred years four centuries. What lanuage did the Romans speak? The Romans spoke a form of Latin known as vulgar Latin. It was quite different from the Classical Latin that we learn today.
Why did the Romans leave Britain? Their homes in Italy were being attacked by fierce tribes and every soldier was needed. What did the Romans call London? The River Thames was quick way to transport goods between Britain and the Continent.
The Romans saw this and built the town of Londinium around the river's main crossing point. Find out more about Roman London. Why was the Roman Empire important? Over the next years, the Romans took control of even more land. They had a strong, well-organised army which could surround a whole city so no one could get out and then eventually, force their way in.
Soldiers were very well trained and could march over 50km 30 miles a day. Any healthy man who was aged between 17 and 46 had to join the army. They would then remain in the army for 25 years. It is kilometres long and 4. Around AD, the Roman Empire started to fall apart with soldiers were choosing their own emperors and fighting among themselves. Then the city of Rome was attacked twice.
The Eastern Empire continued for another thousand years. Woodlands School Facts about Romans. Everything explained who they were and their way of life, from the Roman army to Roman entertainment. History on the net This website covers a huge amount of information on the Romans. Topics include Roman society, food, clothing, housing, gladiators and more….
Who was Julius Caesar? Who was the first emperor of Rome?
Information, photographs and facts on Roman life in Britain for kids - including Roman food, Roman clothing and a large section on Roman soldiers. Primary Homework Help The Romans.
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