For example, environmental policies must protect natural resources and ecological systems yet still promote economic and social development. Social policies should address issues such as health and education, so that the economy and environment remain fit. Economic policies should address social issues such as poverty and inequality and promote trade and industry that encourages social and environmental health.
Second, sustainable development requires intergovernmental and intersectoral cooperation that traverses traditional geopolitical boundaries. The full range of environmental, economic, social, and other issues that impact sustainable development cannot be addressed by a single organization but rather depend upon the engagement of numerous organizations at all levels of government and in all sectors of society working in concert with each other.
Thus, to achieve sustainable development, international, national, subnational, and regional governments must work in partnership, as well as with private and nongovernmental organizations.
Although the conference had several notable achievements, it is perhaps best known for the creation of Agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. Agenda 21 emphasizes the need to foster cooperation, coordination, and collaboration among the numerous agencies and actors involved in sustainable development and to develop strategic links and integration among major sustainable development initiatives.
To do so, it calls for the establishment of National Councils for Sustainable Development to operate as focal points or mechanisms to oversee the coordination and implementation of the Earth Summit agreements at the national level. Agenda 21 also calls for broad public participation in decision making and implementation as a prerequisite of sustainable development. It recognizes nine major groups of civil society from whom participation is needed: The Rio Declaration puts forth 27 general principles agreed upon through a series of difficult and significant compromises among industrialized and developing countries.
Although the principles are general, many have become core elements in international law. Likewise, principle 3 recognizes the right to development, while principle 4 requires environmental protection as an integral part of development. Each of these efforts is further supported by principle 27, which calls for nations to cooperate to develop further the international law in the field of sustainable development. Participants of this conference reaffirmed their commitment to the Stockholm and Rio Declarations and to full implementation of Agenda The massive plants took up to as much as a third of the summer grazing grounds for the reindeer, and the Ob river has been severely polluted from industrial centers in the south.
The social aspect, that of destroying way of life of the Nenet's, the pollution caused by the plants is the disregard for the environmental aspect, and the economical aspect's importance was, by far, outweighed in terms of the other two aspects in terms of planning. In contrast the U. Like Siberia, Alaska has a lot of resources centered environmentally sensitive lands.
The ancestral calving grounds of Porcupine Caribou Herd, one of the largest in the world at animals, is located on the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife reserve. This also is the site for one of the largest possible oil fields in North America and as such there is much debate on the lands uses. In , the U. Congress passed a native land claims settlement act that meant that native groups had a much greater say in the possible land uses. In this example, all three aspects of sustainable development were used.
Economically, everyone made money, socially no group was adversely effected, and environmentally there is little or no pollution, certainly nothing like that in Sibe ria. Siberia may also be the place for trying a new method of sustainable development. This new method created by George D. Davis hopes to be a, "rational compromise between the economic needs of a people and the ecological needs of their land.
The area that this new method is being tested on is Lake Baikal, the biggest, oldest, deepest repository of freshwater on the planet, one fifth of the worlds total freshwater is found in Lake Baikal.
This lake is also home to more than species found nowhere else on the planet. To save such an unique place on earth it was necessary to account for all three area's of sustainability.
This was accomplished by zoning the entire Lake Baikal watershed into 25 different types of zones ranging from farmland to industrial parks. A total of 52 million acres were set aside as parks, reserves, greenbelts, and landscapes. As well as zoning the entire basin, an agreement was struck to reduce and hopefully end the pollution that enters Lake Baikal's watershed. In this way, not only was the environment saved, but so were peoples jobs and thus the social and economic well-being.
The Lake Baikal zoning method is an example of how new methods of sustainable development are always being created. Countries like Chile, the Philippines, and Zimbabwe all can learn a lot from examples such as Madagascar, the United States, and the zoning method in Russia. In fact all countries can learn a lot from the success and failures of each other.
In every successful case of sustainable development the three aspects were met, economical, environmental, and social. In every failure at least one or more was missing. The lessons learned now can only help us as we enter the next millennia, and over 15 billion people. Sustainable development Essay, term paper, research paper: World History See all college papers and term papers on World History. Need a different custom essay on World History? Buy a custom essay on World History.
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The word 'sustainable' means maintainable or bearable. Hence sustainable development refers to that development which may be prolonged for a considerable period of time or which may be bearable by.
Sustainable Development essaysIn the last decades the environmental status of our earth has been in the news frequently. The greenhouse impact, the depletion of natural resources, the diminishing biodiversity and the unprecedented rate of species extinction all point out that the status is not as he.
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Sustainable Development Essay The concept of sustainable development first emerged on the international stage in , when the United Nations sponsored the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment. Sample Essay on Sustainable Development Sustainable development refers to development that meets present needs without compromising the ability of future generations meet their needs. It is a principle of life that aims at creating a finite.