As they say, you don't want to reinvent the wheel! If these reasons sound to you like the reasons we gave for doing background research, you're right! The research paper is simply the "write-up" of that research.
Many science experiments can be explained using mathematics. As you write your research paper, you'll want to make sure that you include as much relevant math as you understand. If a simple equation describes aspects of your science fair project, include it. As you read the information in your bibliography, you'll want to take notes. Some teachers recommend taking notes on note cards. Each card contains the source at the top, with key points listed or quoted underneath.
Others prefer typing notes directly into a word processor. No matter how you take notes, be sure to keep track of the sources for all your key facts. The best way to speed your writing is to do a little planning. Before starting to write, think about the best order to discuss the major sections of your report. Generally, you will want to begin with your science fair project question so that the reader will know the purpose of your paper.
What should come next? Ask yourself what information the reader needs to learn first in order to understand the rest of the paper. A typical organization might look like this:. When you write your research paper you might want to copy words, pictures, diagrams, or ideas from one of your sources. It is OK to copy such information as long as you reference it with a citation. If the information is a phrase, sentence, or paragraph, then you should also put it in quotation marks. A citation and quotation marks tell the reader who actually wrote the information.
For a science fair project, a reference citation also known as author-date citation is an accepted way to reference information you copy. Citation referencing is easy.
Simply put the author's last name, the year of publication, and page number if needed in parentheses after the information you copy. Place the reference citation at the end of the sentence but before the final period. A comma separates the page number or numbers from the year" Bloggs, , p. In that case, the first publication would have an 'a' after the publication year, the second a 'b', and so on.
The reference will look like this" Nguyen, b. When you work hard to write something, you don't want your friends to loaf and just copy it. Every author feels the same way. Plagiarism is when someone copies the words, pictures, diagrams, or ideas of someone else and presents them as his or her own.
When you find information in a book, on the Internet, or from some other source, you MUST give the author of that information credit in a citation. If you copy a sentence or paragraph exactly, you should also use quotation marks around the text. The surprising thing to many students is how easy it is for parents, teachers, and science fair judges to detect and prove plagiarism. So, don't go there, and don't make us try to hunt you down!
Here is information on how to format your research paper. Here is a sample research paper in MLA format. You can find this page online at: This is your opportunity to thank anyone who helped you with your science fair project, from a single individual to a company or government agency. Write the abstract section last, even though it will be one of the first sections of your final report.
Your final report will be several pages long, but don't be overwhelmed! Most of the sections are made up of information that you have already written. Gather up the information for each section and type it in a word processor if you haven't already. Save your document often! You do not want to work hard getting something written the perfect way, only to have your computer crash and the information lost.
Frequent file saving could save you a lot of trouble! Remember to do a spelling and grammar check in your word processor.
Also, have a few people proof read your final report. They may have some helpful comments! Sample Here is a sample science fair project final report. If you did an engineering or programming project, did you state whether you met your design criteria?
Question, variables, and hypothesis. Background research your Research Paper. Data analysis and discussion including data table and graph s. Ideas for future research for some fairs only. Reproduction of material from this website without written permission is strictly prohibited. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our Terms and Conditions of Fair Use.
Does your final report include:
The research paper is simply the "write-up" of that research. Special Information to Include in Your Research Paper. Many science experiments can be explained using mathematics. As you write your research paper, you'll want to make sure that you include as much relevant math as you understand.
Here is a sample science fair project final report. Note: The author's teacher did not require source citations and required a different format for the bibliography. Note: The author's teacher did not require source citations and required a different format for the bibliography.
One of the tasks of entering a science fair is to write a background research paper for your project. Don’t be nervous about it, though. Basically, it involves finding and organizing information, and then drafting and polishing your paper. Science fair research papers, however, have become a capstone to any successful science fair project. Science fair winners know how to write reports that prove scientific skills and impress the judges, writes science columnist and educator Dr. Carlson.
Writing a Science Report Share With science fair season coming up as well as many end of the year projects, students are often required to write a research paper or a report on their project. Writing a Research Paper for Your Science Fair Project Key Info • As you do your research, follow your background research plan and take notes from your sources of information. These notes will help you write a better summary. More information about the background research plan can be found on the Project Guide page at hesmatcchfet.cf