Explains the reasons your audience should agree with your thesis. Your body needs to also refute objections or other points of view. Make a final point which tells the reader what to think or do. This strategy that you feel strongly about and when you feel you have a good chance of convincing your audience to agree with you. Your audience may be uninformed, or they may not have a strong opinion. Your job is to make them care about the topic and agree with your position.
Here is the basic outline of a classical argument paper:. Rogerian argument strategy attempts to persuade by finding points of compromise and agreement. It is an appropriate technique to use in highly polarized debates, but you must be sincere about willingness to compromise and change your point of view for the reader to take you seriously.
Qualities of this strategy:. Toulmin is another strategy to use in a highly charged debate. Instead of attempting to appeal to commonalities, however, this strategy attempts to use clear logic and careful qualifiers to limit the argument to things that can be agreed upon. It uses this format:. For instructions and examples on easy ways to write a good thesis statement for an argument essay see: For help in writing excellent topic sentences see: How do I conclude my thesis? My most popular article, Easy Sentence Starters, http: What you need to do is to think about how each sentence relates to the other ideas and choosing the appropriate transition adding, comparing, contrasting, or sequence.
I have been teaching my students how to add headings to all of their essays over the past five years because I think most of their writing for their careers will be in online environments. As anyone who does a Google search knows, being able to scan the headings of an article is very helpful so that you can figure out whether that article answers the question you are asking.
Additionally, scanning headings if they are written correctly allows you to understand the main point of the article quickly and also to find the part you are most interested in reading. You can make headings by making a short version of your topic sentence in each paragraph. Generally, the shorter, the better. What I have found is that when my students use headings in their papers, it helps them to actually organize and write their information more clearly because making the headings helps them to realize their main points.
If you've done a good job on your headings, a person should be able to read the title of your paper and all the headings and have a good grasp on what your article is about. The easiest way to find a good title is to use a short version of the question. The second way is to make a statement which shows your point of view. If you chose the second one, you might want to make the language more dramatic to showcase your point of view. Here are some samples using the topic of diet and obesity:.
The best sort of introduction to an emotional issue like abortion is a story. If possible, I suggest a real story, but it could also be a made-up story, which I call a "typical scenario" which would explain the problem and make it vivid for the reader. In this issue, it could be the story of a woman who finds herself in a crisis pregnancy.
End the story with the question of your essay. Here are some possible questions:. You don't actually have to read the book because she writes on her blog about this issue also. What I like about her work is that she takes the issue in a different direction by interviewing many women who have had abortions to find out what they really thought at the time that they were facing this crucial decision and how their decision affected them afterward.
To get facts and statistics, you can go to the U. Department of Education website and look up the information you'd like to know.
You can look up information from other countries on the Education sections of their government websites. If you want comparison information, you may need to go to an outside source like a non-profit which compares countries such as the Pew Research Center: Both ways can be appropriate.
What is most important is that you don't just "drop" the quote on the audience and expect them to understand the point and relevance of your quotation. Use the quotation to make a point and explain why you are using it. Argumentative writing is trying to persuade someone about your point of view. It is not really like having an argument or fighting with someone.
Instead, the idea is that you would present your point of view on the subject in a way that makes other people think you are right, or at least that you have good reasons for believing the way you do.
Argumentative writing is usually done for the following 5 types of claims:. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.
I am so grateful for this work. I believe as much as it has helped me,so will it help others. This artical was really helpful for me because it shows the whole technique how to write an argumentative essay. In fact, everyone now could write one with such an ease and confidence.
This was very helpful. Thank you for this great guide for me. Also for my notes for my writing test. Hi Judith, I'm also a trained academic writer who has become more interested in popular writing.
Some of the instructors that I work with have students write a paper in a particular style, but I prefer to view all of the argumentative techniques as part of our "bag of tricks.
Consider what they know and what they believe, including any "false beliefs" that they may hold about your subject. Then think about what it is that you actually want them to think, do, or believe after reading your work.
Then look at the different strategies and decide which ones might work to convince that audience best. I have several different articles on persuasion that you might want to look at for ideas and examples. Sisila-I wish you all the best. I have about articles on Hubpages about writing. I encourage you to keep on learning! English is my second language and struggling with essay writing and an argument essay, I find your advise but time is very short for my assessment test tomorrow.
I will try my best to focus on your advise and see if I can pass on this level for my future study. Many thanks for this very helpful article about argument essay. Miranda--I'm so glad this article has helped you. It really comes from my experience in teaching students to write rather than from a textbook. My students have taught me a lot! Much luck to you on your courses. Thank you for a really great hub! It's now officially on my 'favourites' bar.
I have to do a lot of argument essays at the moment for my course, and I sometimes have a tricky time working out how to structure them - this hub is going to help me so much with making my arguments clearer. Honestly, Dragos--often the best way to get started is just to write down everything you know, then write down questions that occur to you.
If you are doing a research paper, you can then start gathering information based on your questions. I often just start by Googling some of the questions.
Often you won't come up with research you can use in your paper, but it can jog you into having some good ideas. In an argument essay, what you really need is:. I pretty much know what has to go in an essay but I'm having a hard time planning my thoughts and writing down ideas on a topic. I am so happy to see what you have brought to us! I hope everyone who is sittin' around doin' nothin' and complaining about everything will discover these HubPages and join in on what was started during the golden ages of America.
Thanks so much for reading! I work hard to try to make the process as easy as possible. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. To provide a better website experience, owlcation. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.
What should we do about it? Stuck for an idea? Check out my Easy Argument Topics List. Is it true or not? What does it really mean? What is the cause? What are the effects? How to Write Your Thesis.
Does divorce cause serious problems for the children? You can mix and match these ideas for your essay. In your paper, you will need to do the following Interest the reader in the situation and make them think it is worth learning more about. Explain the controversy or problem clearly. Explain the sides of the debate. Tell them your side. Convince them that your side is the best one to take. Refute any objections they may be thinking about as they read.
Urge the reader to adopt our point of view to do, think or believe something. Here are some tips: Use the title to present your point of view. Often the title can be a question. Think about your audience—what aspects of this issue would most interest or convince them? I would ask students which author they feel did the best job of influencing the reader, and what suggestions they would make to improve the writing.
I would also ask them to notice things like stories, facts and statistics, and other things the authors use to develop their ideas. Later, as students work on their own pieces, I would likely return to these pieces to show students how to execute certain writing moves. Although many students might need more practice in writing an effective argument, many of them are excellent at arguing in person.
An activity like This or That one of the classroom icebreakers I talked about last year would be perfect here: Then they take turns explaining why they are standing in that position.
This ultimately looks a little bit like a debate, as students from either side tend to defend their position to those on the other side. Once students have argued without the support of any kind of research or text, I would set up a second debate; this time with more structure and more time to research ahead of time.
Here they are still doing verbal argument, but the experience should make them more likely to appreciate the value of evidence when trying to persuade.
Before leaving this step, I would have students transfer their thoughts from the discussion they just had into something that looks like the opening paragraph of a written argument: A statement of their point of view, plus three reasons to support that point of view. Next I would show students their major assignment, the performance assessment that they will work on for the next few weeks.
What does this look like? Anytime I give students a major writing assignment, I let them see these documents very early on. At this time, I also show them a model of a piece of writing that meets the requirements of the assignment. Unlike the mentor texts we read on day 1, this sample would be something teacher-created or an excellent student model from a previous year to fit the parameters of the assignment.
I would devote at least one more class period to having students consider their topic for the essay, drafting a thesis statement, and planning the main points of their essay in a graphic organizer. I would also begin writing my own essay on a different topic. This has been my number one strategy for teaching students how to become better writers.
Using a document camera or overhead projector, I start from scratch, thinking out loud and scribbling down my thoughts as they come. When students see how messy the process can be, it becomes less intimidating for them. They begin to understand how to take the thoughts that are stirring around in your head and turn them into something that makes sense in writing. I would rather spend more time getting it right at the pre-writing stage than have a student go off willy-nilly, draft a full essay, then realize they need to start over.
Meanwhile, students who have their plans in order will be allowed to move on to the next step. During this time, I would move around the room, helping students solve problems and offering feedback on whatever part of the piece they are working on. I would encourage students to share their work with peers and give feedback at all stages of the writing process. If I wanted to make the unit even more student-centered, I would provide the mini-lessons in written or video format and let students work through them at their own pace, without me teaching them.
To learn more about this approach, read my post on self-paced learning. As students begin to complete their essays, the mini-lessons would focus more on matters of style and usage. Only then do we start fixing the smaller mistakes. Finally, the finished essays are handed in for a grade. Use the comments section below to share your techniques or ask questions about the most effective ways to teach argumentative writing.
English language arts , Grades , Grades , teaching strategies. This is useful information. It is a classic model that immediately gives a solid structure for students. Thanks for the recommendation, Bill. I will have to look into that! Great examples of resources that students would find interesting. I enjoyed reading your article.
Students need to be writing all the time about a broad range of topics, but I love the focus here on argumentative writing because if you choose the model writing texts correctly, you can really get the kids engaged in the process and in how they can use this writing in real-world situations!
I think an occasional tight focus on one genre can help them grow leaps and bounds in the skills specific to that type of writing.
Later, in less structured situations, they can then call on those skills when that kind of thinking is required. This is really helpful!
Hi, Thank you very much for sharing your ideas. I have applied it many times and my students not only love it but also display a very clear pattern as the results in the activity are quite similar every time.
I hope you like it. I looked at the unit, and it looks and sounds great. The description says there are 4 topics. Can you tell me the topics before I purchase? Social Networking in School should social media sites be blocked in school? I teach 6th grade English in a single gendered all-girls class.
We just finished an argument piece but I will definitely cycle back your ideas when we revisit argumentation. Thanks for the fabulous resources! I read this and found it helpful but have questions.
First I noticed that amount of time dedicated to the task in terms of days. My questions are how long is a class period? I have my students for about 45 minutes. I also saw you mentioned in the part about self-paced learning that mini-lessons could be written or video format.
I love these ideas. Any thoughts on how to do this with almost no technology in the room and low readers to non-readers? Thank you for any consideration to my questions.
Hey Jones, To me, a class period is anywhere from 45 minutes to an hour; definitely varies from school to school.
This page contains a longer, complete argumentative essay. The issue covered by the essay is Should marine mammals be kept in captivity in marine parks?This essay can be a model for your own argumentative essay that you need to complete for the course that you are studying.
Classic Model for an Argument No one structure fits all written arguments. However, most college courses require arguments that consist of the following elements. Below is a basic outline for an argumentative or persuasive essay. This is only one possible outline or organization. Always refer to your handbook for specifics.
Argument Essay #4. Click Here to View Essay "A Deadly Tradition" (PDF Document) Sample Argument Essay #5. Click Here to View Essay "Society Begins at Home" (PDF Document) Sample Argument Essay #6. Sep 05, · How to Write an Argument Essay Step by Step. Updated on July 3, Virginia Kearney. more. Argument essays are fairly straightforward in their organization. In your paper, you will need to do the following Toulmin Argument Model. Toulmin Argument Model | Source. 3 Argument hesmatcchfet.cfs:
A Model Argumentative Essay - Free download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. BEST ARGUMENTATIVE PAPER TOPICS Easy argumentative essay topics Education should be free for everyone; Why are the US citizens rapidly becoming more obese?